Introduction Data modeling, a way to structure and organize data, is wildly applied in different industries because it can be used easily by databases.
Saul McLeodpublished The levels of processing model Craik and Lockhart, focuses on the depth of processing involved in memory, and predicts the deeper information is processed, the longer a memory trace will last.
Craik defined depth as: The basic idea is that memory is really just what happens as a result of processing information. Memory is just a by-product of the depth of processing of information, and there is no clear distinction between short term and long term memory.
We can process information in 3 ways: Shallow Processing - This takes two forms 1. Structural processing appearance which is when we encode only the physical qualities of something. Shallow processing only involves maintenance rehearsal repetition to help us hold something in the STM and leads to fairly short-term retention of information.
This is the only type of rehearsal to take place within the multi-store model.
Deep Processing - This involves 3. Semantic processing, which happens when we encode the meaning of a word and relate it to similar words with similar meaning. Deep processing involves elaboration rehearsal which involves a more meaningful analysis e.
For example, giving words a meaning or linking them with previous knowledge. Summary Levels of processing: The idea that the way information is encoded affects how well it is remembered.
The deeper the level of processing, the easier the information is to recall. Craik and Tulving Aim To investigate how deep and shallow processing affects memory recall.
Method Participants were presented with a series of 60 words about which they had to answer one of three questions. Some questions required the participants to process the word in a deep way e. Participants were then given a long list of words into which the original words had been mixed.
They were asked to pick out the original words. Results Participants recalled more words that were semantically processed compared to phonemically and visually processed words.
Conclusion Semantically processed words involve elaboration rehearsal and deep processing which results in more accurate recall. Phonemic and visually processed words involve shallow processing and less accurate recall.
Real Life Applications This explanation of memory is useful in everyday life because it highlights the way in which elaboration, which requires deeper processing of information, can aid memory. Three examples of this are. The above examples could all be used to revise psychology using semantic processing e.
Consequently more information will be remembered and recalled and better exam results should be achieved.Processing Strengths and Weaknesses Chart Processing Chart: Cobb County IEPS © Page 3 Period Visual Processing Auditory .
Unlike the Atkinson-Shiffrin model which structured LTM and STM, levels of processing has no set structure. Strengths Craik & Lockhart's model has a number of strengths. Strengths and Weaknesses of Existing Models WP / Setting up and Testing of the Final Extended and Expanded Models; Water Resources Planning Model (WRPM).
Weaknesses as well as strengths of both models have been identified, listed and described. Appropriate actions to enhance the strengths and.
ties, including response-to-intervention, cognitive processing approaches, and the determination of a pattern of strengths and weaknesses. This article proposes a theoretical structure for determining specific learning.
Craik and Lockhart: Levels of Processing Memory Model History Fergus Craik: Born in Edinburgh, Scotland in Studied med school at U of Edinburgh, But decided he "rather disliked the company of sick people", And decided to go into psychology instead.
In this module, you will learn about strengths and weaknesses amongst people on the autism spectrum, especially as these pertain to learning differences. Theory of Mind (ToM) is also discussed and how the lack of or delays in ToM can lead to various social and relationship challenges for .