Definition[ edit ] A social construct or construction concerns the meaning, notion, or connotation placed on an object or event by a society, and adopted by the inhabitants of that society with respect to how they view or deal with the object or event. A major focus of social constructionism is to uncover the ways in which individuals and groups participate in the construction of their perceived social reality. It involves looking at the ways social phenomena are developed, institutionalizedknown, and made into tradition by humans. Origins[ edit ] In terms of background, social constructionism is rooted in " symbolic interactionism " and "phenomenology.
In contrast, the lower class has little control over their work or lives. Below, we will explore the major divisions of U. Upper class Members of the upper class can afford to live, work, and play in exclusive places designed for luxury and comfort.
Photo courtesy of PrimeImageMedia. Money provides not just access to material goods, but also access to a lot of power. As corporate leaders, members of the upper class make decisions that affect the job status of millions of people.
As media owners, they influence the collective identity of the nation. They run the major network television stations, radio broadcasts, newspapers, magazines, publishing houses, and sports franchises.
As board members of the most influential colleges and universities, they influence cultural attitudes and values. As philanthropists, they establish foundations to support social causes they believe in. As campaign contributors, they sway politicians and fund campaigns, sometimes to protect their own economic interests.
While both types may have equal net worth, they have traditionally held different social standings. People of old money, firmly situated in the upper class for generations, have held high prestige.
Their families have socialized them to know the customs, norms, and expectations that come with wealth. Some study business or become lawyers in order to manage the family fortune. Others, such as Paris Hilton and Kim Kardashian, capitalize on being a rich socialite and transform that into celebrity status, flaunting a wealthy lifestyle.
However, new-money members of the upper class are not oriented to the customs and mores of the elite. They have not established old-money social ties.
People with new money might flaunt their wealth, buying sports cars and mansions, but they might still exhibit behaviors attributed to the middle and lower classes.
The middle class These members of a club likely consider themselves middle class. That helps explain why, in the United States, the middle class is broken into upper and lower subcategories.Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
A tool used by social scientists, social theories relate to historical debates over the validity and reliability of different methodologies (e.g. positivism and antipositivism), the primacy of either structure or agency, as well as the relationship between contingency and necessity.
This guide stresses the systematic causal analysis of gender inequality. The analytical questions raised and the readings listed consider why and how gender inequality arises, varies across and within societies, persists over generations, produces conformity by individuals and institutions, resists change, and sometimes changes dramatically.
Social stratification essay Social stratification in society can easily be explained by Karl Marx’s theory of the “haves” and the “have nots”. According to Marx, there are two main classes in society: the capitalists or bourgeoisie and the workers or proletariat. Published: Mon, 5 Dec This assignment will explore C.
Wright Mills concept of a ‘sociological imagination’ when looking at the problems of the individual, and explain how this theory might assist social . One sociological perspective distinguishes the classes, in part, according to their relative power and control over their lives.
The upper class not only have power and control over their own lives but also their social status gives them power and control over others’ lives.
Social constructionism is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
The theory centers on the notion that meanings are developed in coordination with others rather than separately within each individual.