Simply search this blog for the whole appalling story. Now a filmmaker — from outside the US — has attempted to put in organized form the whole matter in a documentary: But the scope is much broader than that.
It was built by a French engineer named Ferdinand de Lesseps. By passing through the Canal, vessels journeying between Barcelona and Manila no longer had to pass by the Cape of Good Hope, at the southern tip of Africa.
Thus, they were able to shorten their traveling time from three months to 32 days. Thanks to the Suez Canal, trading in the Philippines became increasingly profitable. More and more foreign merchants and businessmen came to the colony, bringing with them a lot of progressive ideas.
The Filipinos not only gained more knowledge and information about the world at large; they also gained the desire for freedom and improvement in their lives.
These were the regulars and the seculars. Regular priests belonged to religious orders. Their main task was to spread Christianity. Examples were the Franciscans, Recollects, Dominicans, and Augustinians.
Secular priests did not belong to any religious order. They were trained specifically to run the parishes and were under the supervision of the bishops. Conflict began when the bishops insisted on visiting the parishes that were being run by regular priests.
It was their duty, they argued, to check on the administration of these parishes. They threatened to abandon their parishes if the bishops persisted.
He assigned secular priests to take their place. Since there were not enough seculars to fill all the vacancies the Archbishop hastened the ordination of Filipino seculars. A royal decree was also issued on November 9,which provided for the secularization of all parishes or the transfer of parochial administration from the regular friars to the secular priests.
The regulars resented the move because they considered the Filipinos unfit for the priesthood. The controversy became more intense when the Jesuits returned to the Philippines. They had been exiled from the country because of certain policies of the order that the Spanish authorities did not like.
The issue soon took on a racial slant. The Spaniards were clearly favouring their own regular priest over Filipino priests.
Monsignor Pedro Pelaez, ecclesiastical governor of the Church, sided with the Filipinos. Unfortunately, he died in an earthquake that destroyed the Manila Cathedral in After his death, other priests took his place in fighting for the secularization movement.A Journal of Catholic and Evangelical Theology Phillip Cary, Editor.
Pro Ecclesia is the theology journal of the Center for Catholic and Evangelical alphabetnyc.com publishes academically rigorous articles on biblical, liturgical, historical and doctrinal topics, aiming to serve the church (and thus be pro ecclesia), promote its ecumenical unity (and thus be catholic) and speak the truth about the.
Political Concepts is an online multi-disciplinary journal that is a lexicon in formation. Each of its essays will be devoted to a single concept, articulating the work and significance of that concept for contemporary political thought. Secularization: A Critique of a Concept, Glasner () took a sharp issue with the concepts of secularization in sociological literature criticiz ing them as social myths rather than scientific constructs.
Secularization (or secularisation) is the transformation of a society from close identification and affiliation with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious values and secular institutions. Contact The Cresset. Contact us at [email protected] Contact us at the above email address to submit Letters to the Editor or for concerns related to current subscriptions, including address corrections, missed-issue notifications, and all other communications regarding current subscriptions.
A number of churches in the area will offer special Masses for celebrate the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross on September St.
Patrick Church, Bridgeport, CT, Solemn Mass, pm.