Metaparadigmal concepts and nursing

Check new design of our homepage! Understanding the Metaparadigm of Nursing Theories A metaparadigm refers to a conceptual outline, within which all related concepts and theories develop. It is an all-inclusive, encompassing unit.

Metaparadigmal concepts and nursing

Would you rather watch than read? You might still want to use this page for the diagrams and notes, though! Definition of Metaparadigm Metaparadigm is defined as: The nursing knowledge continuum starts with metaparadigms as the most abstract to practice or situation-specific theory as the most practical and concrete form of nursing knowledge.

The Nursing Knowledge Continuum from Metaparadigm the most abstract to Practice Theory the most concrete When we talk about the metaparadigm of nursing, we are talking about the areas that are the most general basis of nursing practice, the elements of nursing.

For a theory to be considered a nursing theory, the four metaparadigm concepts must be addressed. The Four Nursing Metaparadigm Concepts The four phenomena of central interest that define nursing practice or the key foci of patient care are identified as nursing, person, health, and environment.

These four phenomena or concepts make up the overall metaparadigm of nursing. Note that the phenomena of Person, Health, and Environment all relate to the recipient s of nursing care or nursing actions.

The phenomenon of Nursing is only focused on the nurse.

Environment Component

This concept includes the nurse applying professional knowledge, procedural and technical skills, and indirect and direct hands-on patient care. The nurse needs to consider how the patient defines family when planning care. What one person considers healthy, may be considered unhealthy to another person.

What one person considers an acceptable quality of life, may be considered an unacceptable quality of life to another person. Examples of the Four Metaparadigms According to Nursing Theorists Each nursing theorist defines the metaparadigm concepts according to their worldview.

Because each theorist has a different perception of the role of nursing and the definitions of person, health, and environment, their definitions of the metaparadigm concepts are also different. Notice the different language used by these selected nursing theorists to describe the metaparadigm concepts.

Person metaparadigm concept definitions from Masters, Recipient of nursing care p. Recipient of nursing care who is composed of biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual components p. A biopsychosocial being who is a behavioral system with seven subsystems of behavior p.


A personal system that interacts with interpersonal and social systems p. An irreducible, irreversible, pandimensional, negentropic energy field identified by pattern; the unitary human being p. A person under the care of a nurse; a total being with universal, developmental, and health deviation needs, who is capable of self-care p.

Encompasses the patient one who has problems for which expert nursing services are needed or sought and the nurse a professional with particular expertise p.

Metaparadigmal concepts and nursing

Human being, family, group, community, or institution p. The individual, who is the primary focus of the model p. An open being, more than and different from the sum of parts, in mutual simultaneous interchange with the environment, who chooses from options and bears responsibility for choices p.

Health metaparadigm concept definitions from Masters, Healing Harmony, wholeness, and comfort p. Efficient and effective functioning of system; behavioral system balance and stability p. Health and illness are a part of a continuum p. A state of well-being that is culturally defined, valued, and practiced p.

A positive high-level state p. Continuously changing process of becoming p. Environment metaparadigm concept definitions from Masters, External temperature, bedding, ventilation and internal food, water, and medications p. External environment biologic, physical, and behavioral ; some discussion of the impact of community on the individual and family p.

Includes both the internal and external environments p. Can be both external and internal.This post will explain what a metaparadigm is, which phenomena define the four nursing metaparadigms, and provide examples of the metaparadigm concepts from selected nursing theorists.

If you haven’t already, download my free 8-page resource guide of nursing theory and philosophy terms and concepts. The metaparadigm of nursing is comprised of four parts: person, health, environment, and nursing. This concept is important to nursing theory, because those 4 parts are the key areas of focus when it comes to patient care.

The nursing metaparadigm is a conceptual framework that demonstrates the interconnected nature of nursing, person (patient), environment and health. The end result was both a visual representation of the concepts placed into the flow of the framework and the statistical analysis that supported the hypothesis.

Person Component

A metaparadigm is a set of theories or ideas that provide structure for how a discipline should function. For a nursing discipline, these theories consist of four basic concepts that address the patient as a whole, the patient’s health and well-being, the patient’s environment and the nursing responsibilities.

A metaparadigm refers to a conceptual outline, within which all related concepts and theories develop.

Metaparadigmal concepts and nursing

It is an all-inclusive, encompassing unit. The metaparadigm of nursing would, hence, include and explain all the concepts and theories related to the field of nursing. Learn more about this concept with the help of this article.

The nursing metaparadigm however, continues to be recognized by all professions in the field. Apart from the four components the concept of caring continues to be a contentious issue. For a long period caring has been ignored since it could not be subjected to scientific inquiry, measured and its impact determined (Thorne, Canam, Dahinten, Hall.

Understanding the Metaparadigm of Nursing Theories