Define unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, reinforcement, shaping, and extinction. Examine cognitive-social models of learning. Explore the conditioning processes involved with learning.
You, as a consumer of mental health services, want an overview, however, of these types of approaches to therapy and practice. In this document, I will review the main schools of theory and the techniques they utilize in practice.
Granted, such an overview is going to miss a lot and generalize even more something my professors back in graduate school would kill me for! I will, therefore, try and be mildly objective and unbiased in my presentation, when possible.
Four schools of theory and therapy will be examined here: Psychodynamic and psychoanalytic ; Cognitive-behavioral and behavioral ; Humanistic and existential ; and Eclectic.
The parentheses indicate theories that are also covered in the same section, but only in passing or in conjunction with the other school; most are somewhat interchangeable.
Before we begin this journey together through education, let me warn you that this article is not a scholarly, objective, dry, journal piece. This psychodynamic way of thinking is generally a watered-down offshoot of the more conservative and rigid psychoanalytic school of thought.
Few therapists can afford to practice strict psychoanalysis anymore and it is typically found nowadays only in the hands of psychiatrists, who have spent extraordinary amounts of personal time being analyzed themselves and attending a psychoanalytic institute. Therapists who subscribe to this theory tend to look at individuals as the composite of their parental upbringing and how particular conflicts between themselves and their parents and within themselves get worked out.
These constructs go to make up your personality and the role of the unconscious is emphasized. And more often than not, it does.
Mental illness is a result of an unsuccessful progression through childhood development e. The unconscious motives for most human behavior are sex and aggression. You get the picture. But remember, this is all unconscious, as are all the unresolved childhood conflicts, so the person is not readily aware of why they are the way they are.
The frame is the therapeutic setting and boundaries, such as the meeting time, length of time of each session almost all therapy sessions are 50 minutes longhow payment is handled, how much self-disclosure the therapist makes, etc.
If you cancel an appointment, it means something greater than your car broke down. Since the basis of psychodynamic therapy is transference where the patient projects his or her feelings about another person in their lives, typically one of their parents, onto the therapistthe frame is more important here.
It means that the patient might be engaging in some sort of transference that needs to be examined by the therapist and interpreted, if necessary. Interpretations are what psychodynamic and psychoanalytic therapists do best next to listening. Other therapists make interpretations as well, but psychodynamic therapists do this best.Identify Therapies Used For Each School Of Thought In Psychology For Treating Mental Disorders.
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper Learning Team A June 26, PSY/ Teresa Neal Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper In a world where nothing seems to be considered normal anymore, psychology tries to draw the line between what it is and what is not.
Identify therapies used for each school of thought in psychology for treating mental disorders. There are hundreds of different types of theoretical orientations and techniques that therapists use nowadays in the field of psychotherapy.
You, as a consumer of mental health services, want an. - They believe in treating disorders with psychotropic drugs or psychosurgery Freud's Developmental Stages Freud proposed that at each stage of development, from infancy to maturity, new events challenge individuals and require adjustments in their id, ego, and superego.
Treatments for abnormality vary depending on individual preference, severity of the disorder and symptoms, and research regarding what therapies work best for certain disorders. The areas of treatment for abnormality include biological treatments and therapies including psychological and interpersonal and social approaches.
Aug 28, · Treatment for mental disorders and illnesses vary between each psychological school of thought. The first types of psychotherapy were the psychodynamic therapies. Psychodynamic therapy “attempts to change personality patterns through insight and the therapist-patient relationship” (Kowalski & Westen, ).