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The beginning of carpet weaving remains unknown, as carpets are subject to use, deterioration, and destruction by insects and rodents.
There is little archaeological evidence to support any theory about the origin of the pile-woven carpet. The earliest surviving carpet fragments are spread over a wide geographic area, and a long time span.
The technique of weaving carpets further developed into a technique known as extra-weft wrapping weaving, a technique which produces soumakand loop woven textiles. Loop weaving is done by pulling the weft strings over a gauge rod, creating loops of thread facing the weaver.
The rod is then either removed, leaving the loops closed, or the loops are cut over the protecting rod, resulting in a rug very similar to a genuine pile rug. It seems likely that knotted-pile carpets have been produced by people who were already familiar with extra-weft wrapping techniques.
It would be good if 5 women who weave carpets  were staying with her. It is unknown whether these were flatweaves or pile weaves, as no detailed technical information is provided in the texts.
Already the earliest known written sources refer to carpets as gifts given to, or required from, high-ranking persons. The first surviving pile rug[ edit ] The oldest known hand knotted rug which is nearly completely preserved, and can, therefore, be fully evaluated in every technical and design aspect is the Pazyryk carpetdated to the 5th century BC.
It was discovered in the late s by the Russian archeologist Sergei Rudenko and his team. The design of the carpet already shows the basic arrangement of what was to become the standard oriental carpet design: A field with repeating patterns, framed by a main border in elaborate design, and several secondary borders.
Rug fragments were also found in the Lop Nur area, and are woven in symmetrical knots, with interwoven wefts after each row of knots, with a striped design, and various colours.
They are now in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Rudenko, the discoverer of the Pazyryk carpet. They show a fine weave of about asymmetrical knots per square decimeter  Other fragments woven in symmetrical as well as asymmetrical knots have been found in Dura-Europos in Syria and from the At-Tar caves in Iraq dated to the first centuries AD.
These rare findings demonstrate that all the skills and techniques of dyeing and carpet weaving were already known in western Asia before the first century AD. Fragments of pile rugs from findspots in north-eastern Afghanistanreportedly originating from the province of Samanganhave been carbon dated to a time span from the turn of the second century to the early Sasanian period.
Among these fragments, some show depictings of animals, like various stags sometimes arranged in a procession, recalling the design of the Pazyryk carpet or a winged mythical creature. Wool is used for warp, weft, and pile, the yarn is crudely spun, and the fragments are woven with the asymmetric knot associated with Persian and far-eastern carpets.
Every three to five rows, pieces of unspun wool, strips of cloth and leather are woven in. The Konya and Fostat fragments; findings from Tibetan monasteries[ edit ] In the early fourteenth century, Marco Polo wrote in the account of his travels: Abu'l-Fidaciting Ibn Sa'id al-Maghribi refers to carpet export from Anatolian cities in the lte 13th century: He and the Moroccan merchant Ibn Battuta mention Aksaray as a major rug weaving center in the early-to-midth century.
Eight fragments were found in by F. Where exactly these carpets were woven is unknown. The field patterns of the Konya carpets are mostly geometric, and small in relation to the carpet size. Similar patterns are arranged in diagonal rows: Hexagons with plain, or hooked outlines; squares filled with stars, with interposed kufic-like ornaments; hexagons in diamonds composed of rhomboids, rhomboids filed with stylized flowers and leaves.A business plan is a formal statement of business goals, reasons they are attainable, and plans for reaching them.
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The rational planning model is a model of the planning process involving a number of rational actions or steps. Taylor () outlines five steps, as follows:  Definition of the problems and/or goals;.
What is a 'Business Plan' A business plan is a written document that describes in detail how a business, usually a new one, is going to achieve its goals.
A business plan lays out a written plan. Definition of business plan: Set of documents prepared by a firm's management to summarize its operational and financial objectives for the near future (usually one to .