Age of exploration 2

Under the direction of Henry the Navigatorthe Portuguese developed a new, much lighter ship, the caravelwhich could sail further and faster, [3] and, above all, was highly manoeuvrable and could sail much nearer the wind, or into the wind.

Age of exploration 2

The culprits—probably Norwegians who sailed directly across the North Sea—did not destroy the monastery completely, but the attack shook the European religious world to its core.

Age of Exploration «

Unlike other groups, these strange new invaders had no respect for religious institutions such as the monasteries, which were often left unguarded and vulnerable near Age of exploration 2 shore. Two years later, Viking raids struck the undefended island monasteries of Skye and Iona in the Hebrides as well as Rathlin off the northeast coast of Ireland.

For several decades, the Vikings confined themselves to hit-and-run raids against coastal targets in the British Isles particularly Ireland and Europe the trading center of Dorestad, 80 kilometers from the North Sea, became a frequent target after They then took advantage of internal conflicts in Europe to extend their activity further inland: Before long other Vikings realized that Frankish rulers were willing to pay them rich sums to prevent them from attacking their subjects, making Frankia an irresistible target for further Viking activity.

Conquests in the British Isles By the mid-ninth century, Ireland, Scotland and England had become major targets for Viking settlement as well as raids. When King Charles the Bald began defending West Frankia more energetically infortifying towns, abbeys, rivers and coastal areas, Viking forces began to concentrate more on England than Frankia.

In the wave of Viking attacks in England afteronly one kingdom—Wessex—was able to successfully resist. Viking armies mostly Danish conquered East Anglia and Northumberland and dismantled Mercia, while in King Alfred the Great of Wessex became the only king to decisively defeat a Danish army in England.

In the first half of the 10th century, English armies led by the descendants of Alfred of Wessex began reconquering Scandinavian areas of England; the last Scandinavian king, Erik Bloodaxe, was expelled and killed aroundpermanently uniting English into one kingdom. Europe and Beyond Meanwhile, Viking armies remained active on the European continent throughout the ninth century, brutally sacking Nantes on the French coast in and attacking towns as far inland as Paris, Limoges, Orleans, Tours and Nimes.

InVikings stormed Seville then controlled by the Arabs ; inthey plundered Pisa, though an Arab fleet battered them on the way back north. By the late 10th century, some Vikings including the famous Erik the Red moved even further westward, to Greenland.

According to later Icelandic histories, some of the early Viking settlers in Greenland supposedly led by the Norwegian Viking hero Leif Erikssonson of Erik the Red may have become the first Europeans to discover and explore North America.

Danish Dominance The midth-century reign of Harald Bluetooth as king of a newly unified, powerful and Christianized Denmark marked the beginning of a second Viking age. Large-scale raids, often organized by royal leaders, hit the coasts of Europe and especially England, where the line of kings descended from Alfred the Great was faltering.

Crowned king of England on Christmas Day inWilliam managed to retain the crown against further Danish challenges.

Age of exploration 2

Today, signs of the Viking legacy can be found mostly in the Scandinavian origins of some vocabulary and place-names in the areas in which they settled, including northern England, Scotland and Russia.

In Iceland, the Vikings left an extensive body of literature, the Icelandic sagas, in which they celebrated the greatest victories of their glorious past.History >> Renaissance for Kids The Age of Exploration (also called the Age of Discovery) began in the s and continued through the s.

It was a period of time when the European nations began exploring the world. European exploration - The Age of Discovery: In the years from the midth to the midth century, a combination of circumstances stimulated men to seek new routes, and it was new routes rather than new lands that filled the minds of kings and commoners, scholars and seamen.

First, toward the end of the 14th century, the vast empire of the Mongols was breaking up; thus, Western merchants. The Age of Exploration started in the ’s.

The Age of Discovery

Europeans were desperate to get spices from Asia. Spices were used to preserve foods and keep them from spoiling. Spices, however, were expensive and dangerous to get.

Traders had to travel parts of the dangerous Silk Road (a land route from Europe to. In part 2 of this video on the age of exploration, you will encounter a computerized teacher that will provide you with facts and information about many explorers of the time.

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Renaissance for Kids: Age of Exploration and Discovery